Cindy Dassinger
Cindy Dassinger - Denver Colorado Properties And Real Estate
I have been an Associate Real Estate Broker for Metro Home Finders in Aurora, Colorado since 2000. In the course of that time I have negotiated contracts for home sales, created extensive comparison analysis reports in marketing homes for sale and developed a large client base built on trust, reliability and accountability. Many of the most common questions I am asked by my clients are addressed by the information presented here.


What can I afford?
Know what you can afford is the first rule of home buying, and that depends on how much income and how much debt you have. In general, lenders don’t want borrowers to spend more than 28 percent of their gross income per month on a mortgage payment or more than 36 percent on debts. It pays to check with several lenders before you start searching for a home. Most will be happy to calculate what you can afford and pre-qualify you for a loan.

The price you can afford to pay for a home will depend on six factors: Gross income. The amount of cash you have available for the down payment, closing costs and cash reserves required by the lender. Your outstanding debts. Your credit history. The type of mortgage you select. Current interest rates.

Another number lenders use to evaluate how much you can afford is the housing expense-to-income ratio. It is determined by calculating your projected monthly housing expense, which consists of the principal and interest payment on your new home, property taxes and hazard insurance (or PITI as it is known). If you have to pay monthly homeowners association dues and/or private mortgage insurance, this also will be added to your PITI. The ratio should fall between 28 and 33 percent although some lenders will go higher under certain circumstances.


What do I do if I get turned down for a loan?
Increasing numbers of loan applicants are finding ways to buy their own home despite past credit problems, a lack of a credit history or debt-to-income ratios that fall outside of traditionally acceptable ranges. Ask the lender for a full explanation.


What is the first step when looking for a home loan?
Most experts recommend that you should get pre-qualified for a loan first. By being pre-qualified, you will know exactly how much house you can afford. Almost all mortgage lenders now pre-qualify people, and many of them can do this in a very short period of time.

You can also do your own affordability calculations; most recent consumer books on home buying include steps to doing so, as do various real estate Internet sites.


How do you qualify as a first time buyer?
In general, lenders define first time home buyer as someone who has not owned any real estate – whether a personal residence, vacation home or investment property – during the past three years. Lenders verify an applicant’s status by examining their income tax returns, checking to see that the individual did not take any deductions for mortgage interest or property taxes.


Appraisals & Market Value Q & A - How is the value of my home determined?
You have several ways to determine the value of a home. An appraisal is a professional estimate of a property’s market value, based on recent sales of comparable properties, location, square footage and construction quality. This service varies in cost depending on the price of the home. On average, an appraisal costs about $300 for a $250,000 house.

A comparative market analysis is an informal estimate of market value performed by a real estate agent based on similar sales and property attributes. If you are interested in a free comparative market analysis, please feel free to contact me.


What exactly is bad credit?
There are numerous types of credit report problems that would cause a lender to reject your application for a loan. Such problems include: missing a credit card payment, defaulting on a prior loan, filing for bankruptcy in the past seven years or not paying your taxes. Other black marks on a credit report include having a judgment filed against you (perhaps for non-payment of spousal or child support) or collection activity.

If you feel your credit report is wrong, experts say it’s best to take it up with the organization or company claiming you owe them money. But if you’ve been late paying your bills regroup by paying in full and on time for six months to a year to prove to the lender that the late payments were an aberration. You can order a copy of your credit report by calling the three major agencies: Experian at (800)392-392-1122, Equifax at (800)685-1111 and Trans Union at (312)408-1050.


Important notes and comments.
One of the most important steps in purchasing a home is finding a mortgage broker or lender that will fit your housing needs. As Colorado is working on the regulation of the mortgage and lending industry it is important to interview more than one lender.

You can request a copy of a good faith estimate to review their costs of closing your loan. I'd also recommend researching each company and making sure that they are listed with the Better Business Bureau. You will be giving them personal and confidential information and will want to make sure your information is not used for any other purposes than to obtain your credit application.

Once you have an idea of what your credit score is, please use that information while you are interviewing the rest of your lending candidates. This will stop an excessive and unnecessary pulls to your credit. Each time your credit is pulled it can affect your credit score. They are also going to want to know about all of your current monthly payments, debts and any other amounts of money you are receiving such as Social Security, Special Aid or Retirement pay.

I have worked with many lenders over the years and would be happy to give you recommendations if you are in the process of shopping your loan. This can be a complicated process! Please feel free to call if you have any questions.

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